By Sarfraz Ahmed Rana.
The United States will elect a new president this year, no matter who is going to be new “Chief of State” nobody knows, yet whosoever will hold the office he/she will crunch the American Foreign Policy approaches amidst complex and challenging global trends.
The notion of “Power diffusion” that has defined the disintegration of capabilities of regions of high concentration to a region of low concentration in connection with growing geo-economics and political factors. This idea of “Power diffusion” simply driven by the new emerging developing states have had hitherto played barely any role in international Politics are fully equipped to break the stranglehold of the traditional way of politics by main state-actors.
The reminiscence of daunting Bush era of “War on Terror” has been compensated by first ever “Black President” in the American history who arguably followed the beaten tracks of J.F Kennedy who preserved the mankind by then avoiding the second nuclear war through his art of diplomacy and persistence. President Obama, who himself confessed the obsession of Kennedy on several occasion adopted the diplomatic approach of his colleague in a manner – “Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate”.
The “Captain America” (Obama)under his “Seal team Sixteen”, ever since he undertake the command, he slowly and slightly revisited the American aspirations, noticeably, their interests dwindled relatively in the Middle East or anywhere else and they had enlarged convergence toward Asia-Pacific not merely due to the economic solicitation but political and strategic interests in either way compel them to rethink and reinstate strategies in accordance with the growing geopolitical environment of Asia-Pacific.
In 2009, Obama has inaugurated “Asia-Pivot” policy, this attempt to abandon Chinese influence and to begin the process of engagements to side with new regional allies and also to assure its presence in the Pacific Rim. This is not a coincident that U.S. has normalized its diplomatic relations with all “Rogue category nations” i.e. Iran, Cuba and then Vietnam in the East Asian region simultaneously – many gratitude to China. Vietnam has territorial friction with China vis-à-vis the South China Sea that has become of the grave nature at the present time. There has been widespread of agreement among U.S. policy advisers that if any country could potentially give a hard time to China in the region down the line, Vietnam comes at the top. As a result, U.S. decided to lift a protracted Arm embargo in the wake of Chinese containment policy.
Although, small East-Asian states like Philipinos, Brunei, and Vietnam welcome U.S. presence in the region perhaps due to the fact that all small states are not able to compete China in the region with their territorial outstanding issues with China. U.S. most often blames China bullying small littoral states on the matter of disputed Islands in the South China Sea.
American-led economic bloc Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)– the bloc of 12 nations aims to flare up free-trade, is the coinciding factor of China’s containment policy and to maintain American domination in the region under the U.S. grand strategy. TPP economic agreement recalled us the American-sponsored Economic aid plan (The Marshall Plan) to Europe in order to set forth anti-narrative agenda against the then Soviet Union, Of course, TPP is not an aid plan it has all about an economic cooperation, yet there are little acquaintances exists.
Moreover, U.S. National Security Adviser Susan Rice in 2014 expressed interests to call upon “So the agenda in each country can focus intensively on energizing our bilateral relationships and advancing the different elements of our Asia strategy.” So what could be the possible different elements outside alliances and signing the economic accord? despite the fact, Washington keeps sending signals to Beijing that they are ready to go to any extent to protect their core interests in the region.
The Mutual Defense Treaty between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States provides an ultimate American security umbrella to Philippine. The overall accord dictates that both nations would support each other if either the Philippines or the United States were to be attacked by an external party. Of course, it will be a serious matter of concern for China in any war-like situation against Philippine over the issue disputed Islands. Although U.S. has been maintaining “Strategic ambiguity” on this mutual defense treaty since Washington has never explicitly expressed in this regard.
President Barack Obama’s inconsistent trip to Asia endorsed the American future substantial role in Asian Politics with the reference to Obama’s Asia-Pivot strategy in the region.Obama has vividly made clear that; “The U.S. alliance with Japan and South Korea, “is one of the foundations, one of the cornerstones of our presence in the Asia-Pacific region,” signifies U.S. assertion in Asian dominion.
The best way to change China’s behavior is to keep the pressure on by U.S. policy advisers as U.S. has acquired new naval bases in Asia Pacific, increasing its patrolling in the South China Sea by sending vessels to Check Chinese Counter response, joint military exercises in East and South China Sea with allied regional states and to arrange the capacity building measures to accompany regional states to clip the Chines wing by encircling it.
As the global dynamics are being shakier as they were ever before. Nonetheless, the world is on the verge of American-Century and the Asian-Century, Free navigation and free trade is being challenged by the China with new views on expanded maritime “sovereignty” over portions of the high seas. China has superseded United States in economic competition even indicators bringing a cascade of bad news for the United States,
Tangibly, the center of the powerhouse and its variables are entering into the Asian-Century and the role of American-Century is diminishing relatively. It has therefore alarmed American think tanks, academicians, and Politicians to adopt preemptive measures strategies to abandon uncongenial growing trends for united States.That’s part of Obama’s broader and long-stated goal of limiting China’s growing role, also series of most recent development in the region defines the American core interests to dominate Asia-Pacific.
The writer is the columnist and International relations analyst.
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