By Muhammad Saad Saghir.
There is a growing trend of showing the military valor between Pakistan and India with the war doctrines and showcasing tactical nuclear arsenal. The race of war aggression and lethal weapons rooted deep into India’s mentality of Greater India concept, which was started right after annexation by Indian forces in Kashmir 1947. When Pakistan detonated its nuclear devices in 1988 in pursuit of nuclear deterrence, it changed the strategic dynamics of the region and a race of possession of nuclear weapons started. Pakistan and India have fought full scale conventional wars before equipment of nuclear arsenal and a low scale war at Kargil as nuclear powers with the vague deterrence posture. India’s doctrinal development was enforced after parliament attack in India 2001 which exposed the loopholes in existing Sundar Ji doctrine when Indian forces took almost three weeks to reach at the international border toe to toe with Pakistan. Then Indian military strategists engineered another doctrine “The cold start” to reduce the mobilization time and prevent a nuclear retaliation.
India has adopted minimum credible deterrence in response of Pakistan’s full spectrum deterrence which shows the Pakistan’s use of nuclear doctrine. The nuclear arsenal of Pakistan is India specific which includes some prominent devices like SSM, SAM, SSM, ASM batteries ‘NASR’, ‘HATAF’ Ghauri-II, Shaheen-III, Babur 2, Babur 3, Ra’ad and newly added Ababeel, all are capable of delivering nuclear warheads. The Question is what option Pakistan has to neutralize the cold start with what effectiveness?
Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is more powerful than India as according to report of US based Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
The growing Indian nuclear threshold was creating the conventional imbalance which forced Pakistan to stocking up immense nuclear power to maintain the balance of power. The “Hatf IX Nasr” is a ballistic missile which carries a sub-kiloton nuclear warhead out to a range of 60 km. The missile developed as a “low-yield battlefield deterrent” targeted at mechanized forces like armed brigades and divisions. Its in-flight maneuverability can destroy the artillery with high accuracy. It is capable of halt the mobility of Indian forces on land and it can provide Pakistan extra time to launch a full scale attack with Air Force and mobilization of 50,000 troops who can build vigorous response as army has already exercised during the time of Gen Ashfaq Pervaiz Keyani in the name of “Azm-e-Nau”.
Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is more powerful than India as according to report of US based Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Stimson Center that Pakistan could have at least 350 nuclear warheads and it will place Pakistan at number three right after US and Russia. But Pakistan’s nuclear goals are totally India centric to abolish the Indian hegemony and as a deterrence stability. Indian cold start also justifies the Pakistan’s nuclear nourishment because Pakistan sees deterrence as a dynamic concept that keenly analyses the Indian military capabilities and advancement. Pakistan is not only capable of building invincible response against the Indian cold start but India’s strategically crucial Andaman and Nicobar islands are now under the Pakistan’s missile range with successfully launched ballistic SSM “Ababeel” capable of carrying multiple warheads and it can strike at the distance of 2200 KM.
In the development of the sea base deterrence Pakistan has successfully tested a sea launched nuclear capable cruise missile (SLCM), the Babur III with the range of 450 km and it will provide Pakistan credible second strike capability which includes Pakistan into the ellite of Nuclear Triad. These recent developments posed extreme threat to Indian hegemony in the region and any Indian move of “Defensive offense” or Cold Start will face demeaning “Hot End” with the wrath of Pakistan’s military might.
India is provoking Pakistan and China with a two edge sword, delusively being juggled on Washington’s pat
But recently a report swiftly astonished the defense gurus in the world that India is building a nuclear city at south of Challakere, near the city of Mysore. India aims to equip itself with Thermonuclear Weapons while disconcerting Pakistan and China in region. There is a glimmering narrative in the world that the pursuit of having thermonuclear power is the Indian counter strategic move to overcome the Pakistan’s growing hegemony in nuclear weapons with belligerent nuclear doctrine. But the Indian latest nuclear project is more influenced by the Chines thermonuclear power than Pakistan nuclear posture. Gen. Balraj Singh Nagal an ex head of India’s Strategic Forces Command said in an interview that, “It’s not Pakistan we are looking at most of the time, like most in the West presume,” Nagal said. “Beijing has long managed a thermonuclear program, and so this is one of many options India should push forward with, as well as reconsidering our nuclear defense posture, which is outdated and ineffective. We have to follow the technological curve. And where China took it, several decades before us, with the hydrogen bomb, India has to follow.”
India is provoking Pakistan and China with a two edge sword, delusively being juggled on Washington’s pat because US establishment embracing themselves as the seer and considering India as the most reliable strategic defense partner in Asia in near future which will accomplish the filthy US strategic and military gains in Asia, supposedly a pawn which will roll over on the mark of US establishment against the Chines hegemonic designs. India’s nuclear city is the part of the nexus of Indo-US colonial mentality which drives Cold Start as well to neutralize the Pakistan’s threat from western side of the border. Meanwhile both Pakistan and China are enjoying the bolstering strategic, military and economic deals from strengthening Pak’s Air force and Navy to assemble the economic debris of Pakistan with the monumental mega CPEC project. There is another race as well going on between the two sides by winning the support of the other countries like cold war rivals Pakistan and Russia are softening the rashes of the past by taking part in military exercises and India is enjoying the Japan, Israel and UAE’s tilt toward them. The nuclear arsenals are becoming grave threat slowly but surely for the whole Asia because there are too many counterpoises with different allies and goals which may have the dark path with a dead end.
Muhammad Saad Saghir is M.Phil Scholar and Media Analyst at Private Organisation. He writes on National and International security issues.
He can be reached at email@example.com.