By Maryam Ijaz.
Islamic Republic of Pakistan was established in 1947, a country of 170 million people, and full of natural resources and more than 60 years of independence but still not respected in the global community. In less than 30 years of independence, it’s one wing got separated (Bangladesh). Remaining part till today is living on IMF, World Bank and foreign donations. Majority of the population is living in rural areas without basic necessities of life. It is a country where financial gap between rich and poor is widening day by day. From the last 10 years, extremism is increasing. Whatever happens in the world it is almost understood even before investigations that it will have a link with Pakistan. Almost every kind of problem exists in Pakistan, including electricity load-shedding, bad economy, less educational facilities, poor health facilities, inflation and no pure water in many parts. These problems exist in Pakistan right from its independence which as mentioned above was more than sixty years ago.
Despite it being rich on raw resources thus far Pakistan is a developing country with limited development in every era due to the problems it faces.
Poverty is a social problem of Pakistan with the fact that most of the people have limited economic resources and their standard of living is low. The people are deprived of basic necessities like food, shelter, education, medication etc. according to the report, nearly 39% of Pakistanis live in multidimensional poverty, with the highest rates of poverty in FATA and Baluchistan. Pakistan’s MPI showed strong decline with national poverty rates falling from 55% to 39% from 2004 to 2015.
According to the census of 1981 the literacy rate is about 45% and the rest of the people 55% are illiterate according to the census of 1998. Illiteracy is also a major issue of Pakistan especially now a days, with such family backgrounds, inflation, poverty and child labor this rate is expected to increase in future. Majority of the people forming the top controlling tier is almost unaware of technologies and technical mindset. Thus, causing the country to adopt the new technologies at a snail’s speed.
Electricity is the major Problem Pakistan facing today. Electricity in Pakistan is generated, transmitted, distributed and retail supplied by two vertically integrated public sector utilities: Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) for all of Pakistan (except Karachi), and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) for the City of Karachi and its surrounding areas. There are around 16 independent power producers that contributes significantly in electricity generation in Pakistan. The need of the electricity is about 5000mw now a days.
Pakistan is suffering from a problem known as “establishment”. Every department is controlled by the so called establishment. It is interesting to note that due to the international interference and manipulation the very same people that we label as corrupt just some time ago, blame and rebuke, come back to govern us after a couple of years again and people welcome them with open arms.
Pakistan can never move forward with its proxy war politics with India and its involvement in the so-called US War on terrorism. It has to strike peace with India and other neighboring countries soon so that it can use its resources for its own people’s welfare and focus on its collective objectives. Pakistan has more potential to be a developed country earlier than India.
Terrorism in Pakistan has become a major and highly destructive phenomena in recent years. The whole world looks at Pakistan, as a land of terrorists. Main reason being an exploitation through the religious leaders and reaction of the military operations both internally as well as externally.
Population of Pakistan had been expanding at the rate of 2.6% annually according to the census of 1998 this rate might be this rate is more expanding now a days as there is so mush issue overpopulation. The earning members in a family are few and the rest of the people is dependent upon them which bring the family income down.
Unemployment is also important problem of Pakistan. Unemployment rate in Pakistan is 5.9% in 2015. The ratio of unemployment is increasing due to lack of sources and when unemployment takes place so many crimes automatically be created. You may find many graduated, masters, IT experts, engineers and doctors wondering about for job opportunities due to bad employment system. The people of Pakistan are considered highly talented and hardworking in the world and there is no value of talent in Pakistan therefore, it is the reason many of engineers, doctors, Scientifics, technicians and accountants travel in foreign countries for earn their livelihood.
After the afghan refugees the economy crises is started for Pakistan because after the separation from India, Pakistan is already indulge in economy crises. Today with 170 million people our per capita income is 1000 which as ten time more than 1947. But still we face lots of economy crises we are depended on IMF and World Bank.
Pakistan is facing a health crisis with rising rates of heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which disproportionately affect poor families, with possible side effects of disability and premature death, and worsening poverty as people pay for medical treatment out of their own pockets.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reported 4 million cases of diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and skin conditions that had largely resulted from the flood conditions. Cholera outbreaks have also been reported from flood-affected areas. From Oct. 15 to 22, WHO reported about 258,000 consultations for pneumonia, diarrhea, and suspected malaria Furthermore, dreaded diseases such as dengue and Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fevers have been reported from the field, along with measles encephalitis and neonatal tetanus.