Dr. Sheikh Waleed Rasool.
Analysis on major doctrines of security will go on extra mile among the realists and idealists; however, it is gospel truth that in both cases sovereignty is an ultimate priority of any state in global make up. Pakistan emerged a front line state to won the war agilest well knitted terrorism at home though it took decades. The contemporary situation of fragile world particularly in South Asian region speaks volumes that hard power followed by soft power are gist of the mill for survival in international arena which plays major shorts in foreign policy analysis but winning the war at home has much significance when enemy was equipped by global network and terrorism in Pakistan was having well knitted nexus with visible foreign agenda. Most of the third world countries including Pakistan have fingers in the pie to seal the gray areas of security with meager resources when media always propagates the ugly face and shapes the global narrative though there is other side of story. To bridge equilibrium in power in fouling situation is not hot cake, for any third world country, keeping the thrust of Hi-Tech warfare in consideration as it is frontline fence of security machine either internally or externally, therefore, to secure sovereignty demands huge resources and spy base because economy and power had sturdy correlation. Statesman Richard Cobden labeled balance of power as “chimera”. The security is an ultimate goal of the nation when there is not parity in hard power.
“honeymoon of decades shaded in post 9/11 when USA took the side while entering with civil nuclear deal with India the arch rival of Pakistan which strained the relations of historical alleys”
Majority of scholars’ of foreign policy analysis are adamant that security is, and will remain always dominant issue of any sovereign nation with relation to other nations when politics is all about power and wealth, if, states fail to bridge disequilibrium then only alternative route is to balance the power by entering into alliance with more powerful one, in order to balance the threat is called “bandwagoning”. It needs much expertise in foreign policy as it shall not at least irritate the former ally who has say in international politics. Pakistan has lesson to learn when she failed to balance the relation in fifties between USA and Russia and paid huge cost when Russia exercised Veto twice on Kashmir Issue.
Pakistan has compulsion to bandwagon with allies because she faced aggression by regional hegemon in 1971. It was her security compulsion for honorable survival in fragile region to ally with west. She allied with USA, though she didn’t caped her division after odd hours of war when India entered in scene with military might while helping Mukti bhani and fished in troubled waters. Islamabad entered in CETO followed by SENTO and as a non NATO ally in post cold war against terrorism. This honeymoon of decades shaded in post 9/11 when USA took the side while entering with civil nuclear deal with India the arch rival of Pakistan which strained the relations of historical alleys. The consecutive governments of Capitol Hill launched multiple diplomatic offences against Pakistan including halt of coalition support fund though Pakistan is still non NATO ally while trying to balance the relations with both USA and China.
“there is little hope in near future to shrink the differences, particularly in era of present regime of India which is ruled by ”Hindu Taliban” an extremist left wing Hindu party”
Apparently USA concerns are regional in nature in which Pakistan is playing a mega rule but Pakistan is still bound to fight the manse of terrorism in all its manifestations because, it is simply in her own interests however Pakistan failed to cement this narrative globally that her shekels’ had been shook by global network of terrorists which marred her economy is itself a mega war for her security which was required the unconditional support. Her priority is all but natural phenomena to consolidate first, on her security at home which would be having the spillover effects in the region. It is now and always justified that until and unless she will not eradicate any and every thread of terror at home it don’t auger well she would be insisted to open other fronts or involve her security machine in hot pursuit beyond the borders.
Pakistan had no alternative route except to balance the power in the region to avert the threat which she faced in 1971 followed by 1984 when India took the Siachin while eroded the shimla agreement and ruptured the statuesque. Islamabad had genuine concerns but it is not always necessary that her priority will be taken on equal grounds though Pakistan’s triumph over terrorism is in benefits of every regional bordering nation including India Afghanistan and central Asian states in large including USA.
“Pakistan is facing a regional hegemon who has nefarious expansionism design in region, though security agencies preyed the big fish like Kalboshan Yadev”
To give little or no heed in India and Pakistan tensions along LoC has strong correlation with over all security situation because there are some genuine strains which can be only mitigated by arbitration, mediation and facilitation of world powers particularly by USA though India keeps at bay this sort of international involvement. There is little hope in near future to shrink the differences, particularly in era of present regime of India which is ruled by ”Hindu Taliban” an extremist left wing Hindu party having deep roots in “Jan Sang”. She has shattered all doors of negotiation including the small window of composite dialogue since 2014 with Pakistan. To insist Pakistan to engage at a time with both eastern and southern boarders seems impractical for any nation but in practice she is engaged along LoC and Durant line.
Indian Prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi had launched multi dimensional offensive against Islamabad at various fronts. Islamabad is facing the robust lobbying of India who is playing multiple shorts in the region and indulging in internal matters of Pakistan including Baluchistan which is her naked imperialistic drive though her spy machine operating in neighboring sovereign nations soil had been traced and put on the national and international media to unveil the hidden hand of India but it didn’t yielded the desired results due to oblivious reasons. Pakistan is facing a regional hegemon who has nefarious expansionism design in region, though security agencies preyed the big fish like Kalboshan Yadev but it is still Pakistan who is being discussed in NTFT.
Keeping the Indian diplomatic drive in consideration with visible nefarious designs, in this context empirical module is lone tool to bring Pakistanis foreign policy away from crises when she has multiple challenges though her security machine had delivered in odd. She defeated terrorism domestically which was having global nexus. She had capability to offer her expertise to global partners to defeat the tourism which has global market because terrorism is global phenomena. World at large can be benefitted by Pakistan’s experience to identify, target and eradicate it.
“India used Israel to bridge the gap between USA and India. Pakistan can utilize the parliamentarians of UK and Canada of Pakistani origin besides KSA and Turkey”
The entire onus lies on foreign policy making in the changing scenario of geo political, geo-economical and geo-strategic setting. The crests and troughs are routine practice in foreign policy making. Foreign policy and diplomacy is game of balancing among the actors and adjusting the unadjusted. Pakistan needs to adjust her foreign policy accordingly keeping in the view the priorities and foul play of international actors having say in international forums.
Foreign policy Analysts and experts are adamant that Pakistan can’t afford the tussle with mega global power USA, when terrorism had shook the shackles of Pakistan economy, therefore, to balance the relations between super power and emerging super power demands thorough review. Islamabad cannot offered any strain in US Pakistan relationship which would be cashed by India.
“Pakistan need to have cohesive diplomacy with American friends vis-à-vis an alternative diplomacy by engagement”
To overcome this trust deficit the use of common friends in diplomacy is routine phenomena. India used Israel to bridge the gap between USA and India. Pakistan can utilize the parliamentarians of UK and Canada of Pakistani origin besides KSA and Turkey. Pakistan need to have cohesive diplomacy with American friends vis-à-vis an alternative diplomacy by engagement. Germany would be an effective tool in this context. To invite the top officials of European Parliament including the head of states is soft balancing of international relations when stereotypes have created havoc to exploit the security situation of Pakistan. Return of International Circlet is good omen which speaks volumes about the ground reality of Pakistanis overall security situation which fetched the headlines of International media but how to consolidate it forever needs overhaul of policy which had some intervening variables associated with it.
Non government organizations are essential actor’s in International relations. States push their agenda through these civil society actors which penetrate in later stage in policy making instruments and people at the helm of affairs. Pakistan lacks resources to create lobbies in mega political hubs including USA but the Diaspora is always valuable asset for third world nations who can deliver under patriotic zeal. What had been gained by our velour security machine while paying huge cost in battle field needs ownership of public and politicians because internal and external security is first milestone for prosperous Pakistan.
Peace had been restored in realist setting however it needs consistency which could be only maintained, if triumph over manse of ignorance is won because lay man have little grasp about global conspiracies. It needs constructivist approach to consolidate it, forever, because security will, now, and always remain the first milestone of peace, progress, and prosperity but to sustain it demands major reforms in economy and foreign policy.
The writer hails from Srinagar.
MSc, Mphil(MC), PhD (IR) Scholar
Accredited Journalist/Freelance Columnist, and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org