Globalization, CPEC and Regional Compulsions

By Dr. Sheikh Waleed Rasool.

In an era of globalization it is compulsion of any state to come away from the conventional frenzy and understand the postmodern world multi-dimensionally. The state had always its own requirements in the competitive environment when survival is minimum requirement as some nations share vast borders with conventional enemies and threat to sovereignty always takes the central stage like that of Pakistan. The globalization is the driver of three mega factors, economic liberalization, political democratization and the cultural universalisation. These entire three dimensions share strong correlation. It is evident that the debate on globalization will keep shifting from the neoliberals and historic materialistic interpretations in given setting therefore it is interesting to mention that while analyzing the globalization in Pakistani context the debate shifts which supports the neoliberal expression of globalization in particular ideological setting which has deep roots in history of sub content. The state apparatus shall understand the dynamics how state can reap the benefit when opportunity is knocking and stereotypes remain adamant to only one dimension, though, debate will continue whether economics shall drive the politics or vice versa when soft balancing is another compulsion of state in post industrialization era. In both cases the harmonies, beneficial economic process can “spillover” and create harmonious beneficial process like peace within and among the nations.

“scholars of Developmental studies deduce on the bases of the quantitative data that there is shift of power from Europe to Asia”

The historical materialists will keep hampering that it is simply the capital economic process which redistributes the wealth, so that, rich get richer and the poor will have to remain in the situation where he had to struggle to meet the both ends. It is pretend to mention that International political economy has its course of action to consolidate on the concrete bases so they have always options in hand if there is any impediment in the way to cease its pace however Pakistan China relations has his historic legacy. It is interesting to mention that two mega giants of modern history Hegel and Fukuyama were convinced on one point that nature is dialectic however the difference of idealist, materialist, ideologies and the economic class will remain the hot subject now and always till the end of the history. The scholars will keep interpreting in the light of modern world that globalization is broad day reality and none including Pakistan can’t afford to remain aloof of it, Therefore, the process of globalization can neither be caped nor can nations survive in isolation is also  the situation of Pakistan.

The OBR intuitive of Beijing is mega driver of globalization which introduced the development module. Scholars of Developmental studies deduce on the bases of the quantitative data that there is shift of power from Europe to Asia. They say this shift had been seen in 1870, 1950 and 2014. They quote examples that Chinese economy had surpassed the collective economy of Europe and America. They further add to their logic that it is not first time that this shift of power had been seen but same scenario emerged centimes ago. There is mega debate globally as far as the statistics are concerned though Beijing itself doesn’t give it the hype but World Bank statistics prove this thesis. There is opposite viewpoint that we call antithesis but it again needs to produce the higher truth. This higher truth or synthesis becomes the new thesis which will be opposed by new antithesis and again opposed by anti thesis and this process will continue until all contradictions can get the clear answer. It will take time but all indicators support that Chinese developmental module will benefit Pakistan in various sectors. There are other variables which had strong correlation to understand the new reality because knowledge of economy is still in the grip of American and the Europe universities but transformation of software to hardware is in power play as Chinese produce the high value goods which have much surplus value than agro items so her economy will keep grooming when her industry is working at full gear. China is at upper degree of Industrial age.

“Chinese nationalism and philosophy of co existence  to manipulate the workforce beyond borders in productive mood which carries the new opportunism though critics”

Experts add an another pawn to unveil the vital variable of Chinese development that they are willing to go extra mile and are always even willing to work on low wages as compared to other nations including the third world countries. It is mega indicator that they have potential to keep the pace of economy not only stable but growing with national will and huge capital in hand. To invest in developmental infrastructure has dialectical added value scope and this module seems to have been well crafted intellectually because it carries all roads of development and security towards new world order because hard power cannot sustain without the soft power and international image of non interference. It suggests adjusting an all intervening issues including security in capsule of development which has broad meaning in international studies as development does not mean infrastructure only but development in all domains of power. It carries the loud message that it has potential to manage the regional balance and concept of the alignment through direct linkages which is catalyst to bridge the gaps between and among the alleys. Chinese developmental module had potent injunctions of Chinese nationalism and philosophy of co existence  to manipulate the workforce beyond borders in productive mood which carries the new opportunism though critics have always room to make their point that socio-cultural and environmental hazards are questionable and geographical affinity has some other intervening variables which carries the sensitivities in long run.

“CPEC is entirely in the benefit of Pakistan development and the media framing rely on stereotyping because agenda setting of media had given the hype to non issues”

It begs the question while batting down the hatches, if there is shift of power then Pakistan cannot belabor the point to adjust new global realities when it is clear that CPEC is offshoot of OBR and globalization therefore Pakistan shall reap its fruits because all indicators clearly Indicate that India also cannot afford to be aloof from the process of Globalization. It don’t need any complex science to understand that when all Indian regional alleys Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka are on board of OBR how can India sustain to beat against the bush away from the regional and global paradigm.

National Defense University department of Management and leadership Dr Kamran Azam arranged the seminar to address the issue in which DG CPEC, DG NLC Major General Mushtaq and leading research scholar Dr. Shafi Geelani presented the comprehensive briefing to unveil the inner story of SPEC. This removed the dust from CPEC initiative and compelled the audience that CPEC is not same case which is being given hype by some section of media. There was consensus among the scholars and the people who are the helm of affairs that CPEC is entirely in the benefit of Pakistan development and the media framing rely on stereotyping because agenda setting of media had given the hype to non issues and CPEC is promoted just a mega road between China through Pakistan to Warm waters. They gave a detailed and comprehensive briefing that road is only one component upon which only 11 billion dollars are invested while as major component is components are energy related projects upon which 33 billion are spent Vis a vis  railway on which a 11 billion project. The loan is 2% which will be returned in 25 years pay back. Presently only 13% Chinese workers are benefiting while as remaining labor is provided from Pakistan including from the pool of engineers.

The above statistics clearly indicate that energy sector is being given the maximum emphasis as energy is lone tool which rotates the wheel of economy while as the energy is minimum requirement to reshape the Industry of Pakistan and bring it away from energy deficit to energy surplus category. To reap the fruits of CPEC Pakistan needs political stability at any cost in order to keep the pace of CPEC intact and this project shall be national asset which shall be having nothing with the fragile and unpredictable politics of Pakistan though globalization has strong correlation with political stability

Scholars who have fingers on pulse of the changing world dynamics shall reset their tune in accordance with the universal drivers of Globalization because this process is relevant in modern world but they can fine tune it with the requirements of Pakistan. Pakistan can focus on economic liberalization while can keep other factors of globalization at bay.

The writer hails from Srinagar.

MSc, Mphil(MC), PhD (IR) Scholar

Accredited Journalist/Freelance Columnist, and can be reached at

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *