By Zara Mansoor.
Almost half of the strength of the world labeled Philosophy as stodgy, although it is not. These are those who never tried for the depth investigation of this most charismatic part of the studies.
Philosophy is made of two Greek words: Philo and Sophia. Philo gives the meaning of Love while Sophia has a different meaning which refers to Knowledge so, Philosophy means Love for Knowledge. It is obvious the societies having love for knowledge can prosper and others cease to flourish.
Philosophy is the Mother of all knowledge
Whether it is politics, science, law, mathematics, history, medicine and languages; philosophy deals as a parent of these subjects. Ancient Greeks invented Philosophy as a way of thinking about the big questions in life from the nature of reality to the quest for happiness from how to build the good society to what makes life worth living.
Isaac Newton (Physicist and Natural Philosopher) once said; “… if I have seen farther it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.”
Philosophers were from every area and mostly were men and of elite class. Women were less in this discipline. Some Philosophers were Kings others were slaves, politicians, doctors, lawyers and some were from the field of teaching.
Here are three ways to study Philosophy:
- Chronological way
If we study it in a Thematic way then here arises some questions like what is the aim of living? It is actually a debate of Reasons vs Revelations, Metaphysics and Dialectics, Relativism and Determinism, Socialism and Capitalism, Materialism and Idealism and so on. If we study the methods of Philosophy then, we find two methods Inductive and Deductive, on one side there is Plato and on the other Aristotle.
In studying Philosophy its historical approach is very important for readers, in this way it will be easy to unfold the dialectic of thoughts.
Three traditions of Philosophy can be found:
- Chinese Philosophy
- Indian Philosophy
- Western Philosophy (Rome, Greece, Christian, Islamic and Modern Philosophy)
Understanding the Philosophy will help us learn about history and society
There are some major Philosophers of time like, Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Brain Leiter and others. Philosophy has been around since the dawn of western civilization. The golden age of Greek philosophy took place in Athens in the 5th century BC. The works of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle informed thousands of years of thought, becoming central to thought in the Roman world, the Middle Ages, and then resurfacing in the renaissance and later.
“It is the mark of an educated mind to entertain a thought without accepting it” ~Aristotle
Our modern view of philosophy in general is that it is abstract and divorced from the real world but the Greeks had to conquer their wisdom bit by bit and they found it fascinating as they ascertained it precisely because it helped to make better sense of the world they lived in so they did the hard work for us and their thoughts about nature and reality and God have so profoundly influenced us that we now take them for granted but in ancient Greece it was all very new.
“Zara Mansoor is a student of media studies and based in Islamabad. She is an article writer, blogger and contributes to various magazines. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org“