Education Reforms: A solution?

By Basit Ali Khattak

It is apparent to everyone that the education system in Pakistan is very complex and our education budget is very low. The current government, however, focuses more on the education system in Pakistan and has primarily concentrated on bringing more children into schools. At this point in time, there are more than 22.84 million children out of schools.

The journey of the current government started from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) when Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) became the leading party in the province as a result of the 2013 general elections. After this, PTI brought a lot of reforms in the education system in KPK and a record target was achieved in which 795,000 children were placed in school. The provincial government also employed 142,623 teachers.

Within the cities, the education system is relatively better at government schools but when we go out into the rural areas and carefully analyze the education system, the system is quite poor.

In my lifetime, I have witnessed the poor standards of education that prevail in the system. In my village, a school named Govt. Primary School Shawangi, has almost 50 children and these 50 children are taught by only one teacher. When I enquired into the matter of the one teacher to 50 children ratio, I was told that no real steps had been taken by the relevant authorities to ensure that more teachers are made available for schools in KPK.

This problem has existed for several years and it is still not close to being solved. Although many solutions exist, the lack of interest in the education system has greatly affected the country. One such solution, for example, could be that the state could make an Education Complex in each Union Council. By doing so more teachers can be allocated for schools or the proposed complex.

This will ensure better teacher to student ratios and help curb the prevailing education problem. In the short term, creating such a system could be tricky, time-consuming and expensive. However, eventually it will help improve educational standards and immediately boost learning.

Historically, Pakistan’s monetary allocation for the education sector has also been quite poor. Therefore, an introduction of an Education Complex will prove to save money in the long run. The extra budget can be utilized for more innovation in education prosperity.

Additional content has been added by the editorial team at The Weekly Pakistan.

The opinions in this article are of the writer and do not represent the views of The Weekly Pakistan.

The writer is an economics graduate, a freelance contributor and a researcher at Comsats University Islamabad. He can be reached at

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